PRE – ROMAN SPAIN : IBERIANS

Iberians lived in east and south of the Iberian Peninsula from the 8th century BC.

Iberians had their villages surrounded by walls. They formed tribes led by chieftains and their social organization was hierarchical and rigid.

Iberian economy was based on agriculture and livestock breeding. They cultivated vines and olive trees. Iberians made iron tools and weapons as well as they were good at pottery and textiles. 

Iberians traded precious metals and had their own currency.

Iberian religion had cults for  fertility goddess and a warrior god. They cremated the dead . They developed writing due to phoenician and Greek influence.

Their main masterpieces were funerary constructions and different sculptures like the Dama of Elche and the Bicha de Bazalote.

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